The Scythians are thought to be:
- Indo-European (Eastern Iranian), spoke an Iranian language related to the modern Ossetian.
- Originally from central Asian (probably Kazakhstan), spread from western China desert to northern India to eastern European steppe.
- No political unity, divided by family, tribe, and clan.
- Lived a nomadic lifestyle, relied on herds of horses and cattle, seasonal migration, maintained a few permanent settlements.
- Horsemanship, hunting, and occasional cattle raids were all necessary to life on the steppe, so the Scythians learned skills which made them fearsome warriors.
The Evidence of the Scythians:
- No written records from the Scythians and very few archeological uncovered.
- Kurgan grave mounds hands few archaeological remains.
- The only written record was from outside sources, such as: Indian, Chinese, and Persian records mentions the Scythian tribe.
Kurgan Burial Mound:
- Many archaeological artifacts were uncovered from his royal burial mound.
- The outfits worn and used by the Upper Scythian Class.
- Scythians were well-achieved craftsmen, and they developed many assorted jewelries, such as: earrings, necklaces, and broaches.
This decorative Deer Crest was not only ornamental, but placed in the middle of a shield for protection against enemy combatants.
Scythians hard at work developing their weapon-crafts.
Much of the Scythian Art was used to describe routine daily activities. Although, the Greeks considered the Scythians barbarians, no Scythian Art displayed any violence.
A popular and well-known Scythian philosopher in Hellenistic Greece. He learned the Greek culture and politics and became an influential philosopher to the Greeks.
The Scythians relevance to the Greeks:
Pontic steppe Scythian “interacted” with the Greeks; frequently trading or raiding; and working as mercenaries.
Most reliable and accurate records of the Scythians come from the Greeks (Herodotus).