Location: The largest of the Dodecanese islands, in the Eastern reach of the Aegean Sea
To the north and east just 18 kilometers across the strait is mainland Turkey
- Screenshot of Rhodes
The Island of Rhodes has been occupied by humans since the 16th century BCE, and has traces of population dating back to the neolithic period. Notable findings have eluded modern archeology, however certain trace artifacts have been found as evidence. Given the geographic proximity to both the Asian and European continents the Island of Rhodes has been host to may different peoples at various times throughout antiquity. Serving as the way-point on the crossroad of empires the island is now a repository of various styles of architecture spanning the Greek, Roman, Byzantine and later the Ottoman empires.
Changing hands, from one kingdom or Empire, a number of times allowed for the various cultures to deposit an influence on the architecture and footprint of the city. Most notable among these is that of the Ottoman Empire, which left is mark on the city in the 18th century. Like most societies in history the artifacts and buildings of the past civilizations are re-purposed and used again. Such is the case of the White Tower (Λευκός Πύργος), built in 1430 by the Byzantine Empire and later upgraded by the Ottoman Empire in the 1700s to protect the port. Later in the early part of the 20th century the structure was again altered and its foot print reduced to the cylindrical structure that now comprises the tower as it is today. Although much hey has been made of the Colossus of Rhodes, ( a giant statue purported to have stood above the port) there are no remnants or artifacts that remain to suggests that such a structure existed. The island does reside in a rather tectonically active part of the world, which for the enthusiasts, would offer a good explanation as to why on of the Seven wonders of the world is no more.
- Acropolis of Lindos
- White Tower,
Convention and Visitors Bureau
N.p. Municipal Government of Rhodes, N.d. Web. 22 April 2013.
N.p. Discover Rhodes, N.d. Web. 22 April 2013.
‘Rhodes ‘, “Globetrotter”, Paul Harcourt Davies, 7th Edition