WHAT ARE THEY?
WHAT IS A MEGARON?
- main hall or central room of a palace or house, especially of Mycenaean Greece
Megaron = “great room”
MEGARON FLOOR PLANS:
Characteristics of a Megaron:
A Megaron or “great room” consists of (going left to right in the above drawing): a front porch with two columns, an ante-chamber just inside, and then are large main room with four columns around a central fire pit (the domos, or throne room).
PALACE OF NESTOR AT PYLOS:
- The Palace of Nestor is the primary structure identified with that of Mycenaean-era Pylos. It was a two-storey building with store rooms, workshops, baths, light wells, reception rooms and a sewage system. The site is the best preserved Mycenaean Greek palace discovered.
- had over 105 ground room floors
- During excavation in 1939 around 1,000 Linear B tablets were identified.
- The settlement had been long occupied with most artifacts discovered dating from 1300 BCE. The palace complex was destroyed by fire around 1200 BCE.
- best preserved palace of the period
THE MEGARON AT PYLOS is the largest megaron measuring 42’ long x 37’ wide:
PALACE OF TIRYNS AT ARGOLIS:
- Argolis region, Peloponnese, Greece
- 1400-1200 BCE
- Referenced by Homer, who claims that according to ancient traditions the massive walls were built by cyclopes.
- According to Herodotus, when Cleomenis I of Spart defeated the Argives, their slaves occupied Tiryns for many years. Herodotus also mentions that Tiryns took part in the Battle of Platea in 480 BC with 400 hoplites.
THE MEGARON AT THE PALACE OF TIRYNS:
EVOLUTION OF THE GREEK ARCHITECTURE AND THE MEGARON:
Floor Plan – west wing of the white house: (resembles Megaron and Mycenaean layout)
Modern day example Rose Garden & west wing lobby:
Modern day example Roosevelt Room & Oval office:
- Megaron. 2013. http://www.personal.kent.edu/~areischu/Summer%20Previous%20Links.htm. Kent, 2013. Web. 10 Oct. 2013.
- “Megaron.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online Academic Edition. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., 2013. Web. 14 Oct. 2013.
- “Greek Architecture and the Evolution of the Temple”. http://www.radford.edu/~rbarris/schoolofathens/greekarchitecturestudy.html. Radford, 2013. Web. 14 Oct. 2013.
- Acropolis: The Greek Parthenon. Parthenon. Greek Islands, 2013. http://www.greek-islands.us/athens/parthenon/. Web. 14 Oct. 2013.
- Souza, Pete. State Dinner in the Rose Garden of the White House. 2011. Official White House Photo, Washington, D.C. White House. Web. Date 14 Oct 2013.
- Roosevelt Room. 2013. White House. Web. Date 14 Oct 2013.
- Kennedy, Chuck. The West Wing Lobby of the White House. 2011. Official White House Photo, Washington D.C. White House. Web. 14 Oct 2013.
- Edmonds, Ron. An Oval Office Fit for Obama. 2008. The Guardian. http://www.theguardian.com/world/gallery/2008/nov/14/barack-obama-architecture. Web. 14 Oct 2013.