Hierapolis

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1) Who would you meet?

There are few historical facts known about the origins of the city. There were no signs of Hittites or Persians in habiting that area. Depending on the time period you went different groups of people would be there. Supossibily the city was founded by Eumens II in the 2nd century BC. Built by the people of Pergamum because of the healing abilities of the hot springs many people from all over Greece would not only visit the area but move there premently. Around 62 BCE a large group of Jewish people moved to Hierapolis and their influence grew. Christians traveled to Hierapolis later to plant stores in Plutonium to say that their religion was dominant.

2) How would you get there?

Travelers would have a choice to either go by land and river or by land and sea. According to Orbis if traveling by land and river with Rome as the starting point the fastest route would take approximately one hundred and forty one days. If traveling by land and coastline it would take approximately sixty four days. And lastly the fastest route would be if traveling by land and open sea it would take approximately thirty three days to reach Hierapolis.

hierapolis_water-t

Ruins of the Roman city of Hierapolis in the hot springs. Photo by Ferrell Jenkins.
Linked to Original Website

3) Why would you go there?

Hierapolis not only had many interesting attractions in ancient times but also now a days. One main attraction was the hot springs. These springs attracted a lot of attention because of their healing abilities. Many people actually moved to Hierapolis to continue to get the healing effects. This being a Roman providence actually built two Roman baths, a gymnasium, several temples, and a fountain all in Hierapolis. Some more attractions were the Temple of Apollo and the sacred area called Plutonium. Plutonium said to be named after Charonion the god to the underworld. This area is an extremely small cave that fits only one person. It releases large amounts of carbon dioxide and caused many people that went in it to die from lack of oxygen. The people believed that the gas were fumes from the underworld traveling up to earth. The necropolis is actually located in that area held over 1200 graves. Recently the Gates of Hell were found in Hierapolis. The name was given to it because it was supposed to lead to the underworld.

Fun Fact: The Priest that worshipped in the area were revered to be fused with godlike power because they could withstand the gas only due to air pockets they found on the ground floor.

4) What is it like?

Hierapolis was an ancient Greco-Roman city that was located on a hot springs. It has a temperate climate for most of the year which made the hot springs always nice to visit. Hierapolis when Rome took control over it quickly became a very rich area. It became one of the most prominent cities in the Roman Empire in the fields of art, philosophy and trade.

5) Sources

“History of Hierapolis.” Pamukkale. N.p., 30 Apr 2013. Web. 30 Apr 2013. <http://www.pamukkale.net/listingview.php?listingID=10&gt;.

“Pergamum Kingdom.” Ancient anatolia. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr 2013. <http://www.ancientanatolia.com/historical/pergamum_kingdom.htm&gt;.

“Hierapolis.” Turizm. N.p.. Web. 30 Apr 2013. <http://www.turizm.net/cities/hierapolis/&gt;.

“Hierapolis.” Wikipedia. N.p., 12 Apr 2012. Web. 25 Apr 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hierapolis&gt;.

“The hot springs at Hierapolis.” Ferrell’s Travel Blog. N.p., 15 Reburary 2009. Web. 30 Apr 2013. <http://ferrelljenkins.wordpress.com/2009/02/18/the-hot-springs-at-hierapolis/&gt;.

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