Alexander the Great’s early career

ALEXANDER   THE GREAT

FATHER- PHILLIP II OF MACEDON- Ruled Macedonia from 359-336 B.C. and transformed it into a powerful military machine.Moved into northern Greece and met little resistance due to residual effects of Peloponnesian War By 338 he had Greece under his control

MOTHER- OLYMPIA- It was due to no small feat on her own part, that her son, the young crowned prince, succeeded as mightily as he did. She had an iron will, and did everything to protect and advance Alexander’s interests, constantly instilling the notion of greatness.

PHILLIP II ASSASSINATED IN 336 BC

ALEXANDER IS CROWNED KING

PHILLIP HAD PREPARED ALEXANDER  HIS WHOLE LIFE FOR KINGSHIP

MILITARY EXPERIENCE

TUTORS SUCH AS ARISTOTLE TAUGHT ALEXANDER

In ten years, Alexander of Macedonia created the largest empire in the world up to that time

Alexander spread Greek culture, ensuring cultural diffusion and the survival of the qualities of classical Greece

ALEXANDER WOULD ALSO BE THE FATHER OF HELLENISM AS HE PAVED THE WAY FOR MULTI ETHNIC INTERACTIONS

ALEXANDER WOULD ASSOCIATE HIMSELF AS SON OF ZEUS GIVING HIM A MORE PRESTIGE TITLE AND A STRONGER BASE TO BE LOOKED UPON BY THOSE HE CONQUERED.

HE WAS HEAVILY INFLUENCED BY THE STORIES OF ACHILLES AND HERCULES.

HE HAD THIS CONSTANT DRIVE TO SURPASS THOSE DIVINE CHARACTERS AND SET HIS STONE IN HISTORY

Alexander moved quickly to fulfil his father’s dream

The conquest of the Persian Empire

BOTH PHILLIP II AND ALEXANDER SAW THIS VISION OF CONQUERING PERSIA AND    THEY ACHIEVED IT

His army totaled 37,000 Greek and Macedonian men. 5,000 of which were cavalry

1.Heavily outnumbered, Alexander crushes the Persians at the Battle of Issus.
2.Alexander establishes Alexandria as the Greek capitol of Egypt
3.Near Babylon, Alexander decisively defeats Darius Becomes the ruler of the entire Persian Empire
For the next three years, Alexander moves east and northeast.

Afghanistan & Pakistan

In 326 BCE, Alexander moves into India.

Series of a hard fought campaigns

Macedonians refuse to go any farther

Alexander’s army returned to Babylon, where he dies in June 323BCE

Great Military Leader

Master of strategy and tactics

He was fearless

Led his men into battle

Willing to risk his own life

While in India, Alexander was the first to leap over  a city wall in order to inspire his troops.

HE WOULD ADAPT TO CULTURES EXPERIENENCED AND TAKE THE WHAT HE LIKED AND GET RID OF WHAT HE DIDN’T.

HE KEPT TRUST WORTHY OFFICALS IN HIS GOVERNMENT AS HE SWEPT ACROSS EAST.

He spread Greek thought and culture in his wake, thus “hellenizing”

 

Greek language introduced and Greek literature into the former Persian Empire, thereby influencing the philosophical thought and writing of the region

 

The spread of Greek influence and language is also shown through coinage. Portraits became more realistic, and the obverse of the coin was often used to display a propaganda image made famous by Alexander

SOURCES

•Stevens, Patsy. Garden of Prise, “Alexander the Great.” Accessed November 6, 2013. http://gardenofpraise.com/ibdalex.htm.
•Education Foundation, “Oracle Think Quest.” Accessed November 6, 2013. http://library.thinkquest.org/10805/alexmap.html.
•Popovic, John. “Alexander the Great from history to eternity .” Accessed November 6, 2013. http://1stmuse.com/frames/.
•White, Debi. Manthano Philosophia, “Homeschool Organization Hacks for Teens.” Last modified 08 11, 2011. Accessed November 6, 2013. http://manthanophilosophia.wordpress.com/.
•Agiasofia, “Alexander the Great the First Greek Emperor .” Accessed November 6, 2013. http://www.agiasofia.com/alexandros/alexandros.html
•. “Alexander the Great.” Accessed November 6, 2013. http://eternity.xhost.ro/alexanderthegreat.html.
•Fogle, Mary. Education Portal, “Cyrus the Great Facts.” Accessed November 6, 2013. http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/cyrus-the-great-facts-accomplishments-quiz.html
•Tzahos, Evangellos. History of Macedoniaq, “Alexander the Great- Path to Deification.” Accessed November 6, 2013. http://history-of-macedonia.com/2008/12/29/alexander-the-great-biography-the-path-to-deification/.
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