ALEXANDER THE GREAT
FATHER- PHILLIP II OF MACEDON- Ruled Macedonia from 359-336 B.C. and transformed it into a powerful military machine.Moved into northern Greece and met little resistance due to residual effects of Peloponnesian War By 338 he had Greece under his control
MOTHER- OLYMPIA- It was due to no small feat on her own part, that her son, the young crowned prince, succeeded as mightily as he did. She had an iron will, and did everything to protect and advance Alexander’s interests, constantly instilling the notion of greatness.
PHILLIP II ASSASSINATED IN 336 BC
ALEXANDER IS CROWNED KING
PHILLIP HAD PREPARED ALEXANDER HIS WHOLE LIFE FOR KINGSHIP
TUTORS SUCH AS ARISTOTLE TAUGHT ALEXANDER
In ten years, Alexander of Macedonia created the largest empire in the world up to that time
Alexander spread Greek culture, ensuring cultural diffusion and the survival of the qualities of classical Greece
ALEXANDER WOULD ALSO BE THE FATHER OF HELLENISM AS HE PAVED THE WAY FOR MULTI ETHNIC INTERACTIONS
ALEXANDER WOULD ASSOCIATE HIMSELF AS SON OF ZEUS GIVING HIM A MORE PRESTIGE TITLE AND A STRONGER BASE TO BE LOOKED UPON BY THOSE HE CONQUERED.
HE WAS HEAVILY INFLUENCED BY THE STORIES OF ACHILLES AND HERCULES.
HE HAD THIS CONSTANT DRIVE TO SURPASS THOSE DIVINE CHARACTERS AND SET HIS STONE IN HISTORY
Alexander moved quickly to fulfil his father’s dream
The conquest of the Persian Empire
BOTH PHILLIP II AND ALEXANDER SAW THIS VISION OF CONQUERING PERSIA AND THEY ACHIEVED IT
His army totaled 37,000 Greek and Macedonian men. 5,000 of which were cavalry
Afghanistan & Pakistan
In 326 BCE, Alexander moves into India.
Series of a hard fought campaigns
Macedonians refuse to go any farther
Alexander’s army returned to Babylon, where he dies in June 323BCE
Great Military Leader
Master of strategy and tactics
He was fearless
Led his men into battle
Willing to risk his own life
While in India, Alexander was the first to leap over a city wall in order to inspire his troops.
HE WOULD ADAPT TO CULTURES EXPERIENENCED AND TAKE THE WHAT HE LIKED AND GET RID OF WHAT HE DIDN’T.
HE KEPT TRUST WORTHY OFFICALS IN HIS GOVERNMENT AS HE SWEPT ACROSS EAST.
He spread Greek thought and culture in his wake, thus “hellenizing”
Greek language introduced and Greek literature into the former Persian Empire, thereby influencing the philosophical thought and writing of the region
The spread of Greek influence and language is also shown through coinage. Portraits became more realistic, and the obverse of the coin was often used to display a propaganda image made famous by Alexander