Aside

Jacquelyn, Kristen, Miranda

BASICS

Socrates who was believed to be born in Classical Athens had lived his childhood during the Golden Age. Where his father Sophroniscus made a living as a stonemason and his mom, Phaenarete had been a midwife.

          YOUNG SOCRATES

Socrates_Louvre

Bust of Socrates

THE YOUNG PHILOSOPHER

Many people seemed to give Socrates a bad reputation since he would walk around Athens with his hair a mess, with no shoes, and with dirty clothes. People started to wonder why he went from a war hero to someone who seemed to not care anymore. Socrates had started living his life constantly questioning what he was doing, and how to live what he had called a “good” life. As a philosopher he gained many followers of his beliefs. One of his well-known followers or “student” was another philosopher named Plato. Who would later carry out Socrates’s philosophical ways. Socrates was known for constantly pushing the limits of ones human knowledge.

HIS FOCUS IN LIFE

  • Euthyphro – Piety/Impiety
    • The persecution of Socrates questions on whether his actions are deemed piety/impiety. In the discussion with Euthyphro, Socrates can be seen in the story as a patient witness to Euthyphro claims on the right path towards being piety. As he claims when he heads to his on personal trial on the same day of Socrates as the plaintiff to a murder that he believes was committed by his own father. Socrates on the other hand can be seen heading to trail for being accused of corrupting the youth and lack of faith in the gods. Though compared to Socrates own trial, he can be shocked of this knowledge of knowing that Euthyphro has brought about charges against his own father. Due to the knowledge of the ways of the value of connections between families in Ancient Greece, in which family is the most important factor in Greek culture. Though the main focus of “Euthyphro” is whether the actions of his father lead him towards the path of impiety. Seeing as one of the workers of Euthyphro’s father was in fact at fault for killing one of his servants, he sought justice by sending a messenger off to the city to see the steps needed to be taken to complete this task. Although in the process of doing this he had decided to tie up the killer and toss him a ditch till the appointed time, who unfortunately didn’t live to hear the messenger’s verdict due Euthyphro’s father’s lack of care throughout the time. This Euthyphro deems enough fact to charge his own father for his actions that lead towards the man’s death. This leads Socrates to begin questioning Euthyphro’s on the facts that make a man to be pious, which causes an obscuring view of a determined answer of a proper term for piety/impiety. Though from a person’s own perspective that piety can only be achieved if they hold a honest/pure amount of virtue and their own beliefs.

 

  • Death and Immortality

 

  • Symposium
    •  The speech given by Socrates concerning the “Ladder of Love”, best describes the process of how humans build up a close relations towards one another. All human beings that are born into existence wish to be remembered in some way in hopes of staying immortal to others in history. To succeed in this great heroic figures would be portrayed in sacrificing themselves for those they love in retribution and passion. The “Ladder of Love”, basically shows us the stages of human interest for one another through desire for another body to the possible similarities between one another and how they truly connect in the final stages, such as in observing that persons characteristics and knowledge within them. Although humans can be seen searching for love in

      hopes of living life forever due to the magnificent feelings it grants them. Although in learning love in this process is that love doesn’t have to be about a person physically touching another human being, but also spiritual, such as loving another from a distance and knowing their partner feels the same for them.

      The explanatory strengths of this speech is that it describes the facts of how an actual person in the motion of the beginning, middle, and ending of falling in love with one another. Although the theory of Socrates speech could questionable, due to the fact that the source he originally found this speech could be lacking some truth, especially with the facts that Socrates himself claims that not even he knew that much about love. Though the philosophical work that’s portrayed within the speech in process of desire for a lover to having a deeper understanding for their personal being.

 

  • On the Nature of the Soul

 

  • Republic
    • In books I and II, Socrates and his fellow scholars can be found within Celphalus’ house, speaking of how to achieve a good lifesocrates and platothrough the process of justice. Thus causing Socrates to give his own speculation of the term of justice, which he believes to be the process of “telling the truth and paying ones debts” as the only exempt way to achieving a good life. Although this causes each scholar within the house to go into a deeper discussion of the advantages and disadvantages with his own term of justice, thus giving their own conclusions over the form of justice.

EXECUTION

  • Was tried for two charges:
    • Corrupting the youth
    • Impiety
      • Failed to acknowledge the Gods
      • Created new Gods, or lack thereof
  • He also questioned almost everything, which Greek authority did not agree with
  • Was killed by being forced to drink Hemlock, a poisonous plant.

 

death-of-socrates-H

Works Cited

  • Plato, and C. D. C. Reeve. “Euthyphro.” A Plato Reader: Eight Essential 

Dialogues. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Pub., 2012. N. pag. Print.

  • Plato, and C. D. C. Reeve. “Republic.” A Plato Reader: Eight Essential

Dialogues. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Pub., 2012. N. pag. Print.

  • Plato, and C. D. C. Reeve. “Symposium.” A Plato Reader: Eight Essential

Dialogues. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Pub., 2012. N. pag. Print.

 

Socrates

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